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Name of State Connecticut
Official Designation: "The Constitution State" was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1959.
Indian Name (Beside the Long Tidal River) Quinnehtukqut
State Motto: Qui Transtulit Sustinet--He Who Transplanted Still Sustains.

The emblems of the State are as follows:
The State Seal was provided for in the Constitution, 1818.
The State Flag was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1897.
The State Flower, the Mountain Laurel, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1907.
The State Bird, the Robin, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1943.
The State Tree, the White Oak, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1947.
The State Animal, the Sperm Whale, Physeter Catodon, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1975.
The State Insect, the Praying Mantis, Mantis Religiosa, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1977.
The State Mineral, the Garnet, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1977.
The State Song, "Yankee Doodle," was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1978.
The State Ship, USS Nautilus, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1983.
The State Hero, Nathan Hale, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1985.
The State Shellfish, the Eastern Oyster, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1989.
The State Composer, Charles Edward Ives, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1991.
The State Fossil, Eubrontes Giganteus, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1991.
The State Heroine, Prudence Crandall, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1995.
The State Tartan (see C.G.S., Sec. 3-110j for a description), was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1995.
The State Folk Dance, Square Dance, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 1995.
The State Flagship and Tall Ship Ambassador, the Freedom Schooner Amistad, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 2003.
The State Cantata, "The Nutmeg" by Stanley L. Ralph, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 2003.
The State Fish, American Shad, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 2003.
The State Aircraft, F4U Corsair, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 2005.
The Second State Song, “Beautiful Connecticut Waltz” was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 2013
The State Children's Flower, Michaela Petit's Four-O'Clocks, was adopted by Act of the Legislature, 2015.
Hartford has been the sole Capital City since 1875
Population, 2017, estimated 3,588,184
Cities with largest population (2017, est.): 1. Bridgeport, 146,579
2. New Haven, 131,014 3. Stamford, 130,824
4. Hartford, 123,400 5. Waterbury, 108,629
Counties .......8 Towns .......169 Cities .......21 Boroughs .......9
Net Grand List of Taxable Property (2017) est. $375,043,276,926
Average rate of taxation (2017 GL/2019 FY)

est. 31.01 mills

Motor Vehicle Mill Rate Cap


Birth Rate (2017-per 1,000 pop.) 9.76
Death Rate (2017-per 1,000 pop.) 8.76
Area of State approx. 5,565 square miles; 3,561,886 acres
Land Area of State approx. 5,565 square miles; 3,561,886 acres
Length of Boundary approx. 330 miles (including boundary with New York and Rhode Island in Long Island Sound and Fishers Island Sound)
Length of Shoreline approx. 332 miles (including bays and coves)
Highest Altitude approx. 2,380 ft. above sea level (slope of Mt. Frissell in Salisbury)
Mileage of Rivers and Streams approx. 9,700
Number of Lakes and Ponds approx. 3,900
State Parks 107
State Forests 32
National Historic Landmarks 60
Receipts of State Government for the fiscal year July 1, 2017, to June 30, 2018 $41,503,917,037
Disbursements of State Government for the fiscal year July 1, 2017, to June 30, 2018


Elective State Officers
   Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the State, Treasurer, Comptroller, Attorney General

United States Senators from Connecticut 2
United States Representatives 5
State Senators in the General Assembly 36
Representatives in the General Assembly 151
Number of full-time state positions 29,027
Justices of the Supreme Court* 7
Judges of the Appellate Court* 9
Judges of the Superior Court* 185
Senior Judges 21
Probate Courts 54
Regional Children's Probate Courts 6
*Authorized number of justices and judges pursuant to C.G.S. section 51-165.
Dept. of Emergency Services and Public Protection 1
State Police Troops 11
Correctional Centers 4
   Number of Inmates, July 1, 2018 3,559
Correctional Institutions 10
   Number of Inmates, July 1, 2018 9,841
Youth Institution 1
   Number of Inmates, July 1, 2018 472
University of Connecticut's John N. Dempsey Hospital (State, General) 1
Number of in-patient beds - Licensed General Hospital Beds 224
Bassinets (well born) 10
State Inpatient Facilities for Mental Health and Addiction Services 4
Number of patients on books, Jan. 1, 2017 649
State Training School for persons with intellectual disability 1
Regions 3
Number of individuals in residential settings and with DDS funded residential supports, December 31, 2018* 5,148
*This figure includes 352 individuals living in a community living arrangement at a private intermediate care facility level of care for individuals with intellectual disability (ICF/IID). This setting is funded through the Department of Social Svs.
Full-Time Employees*
University of Connecticut (Including the UConn Health Center) 1 8,398 32,257
CSCU - Connecticut State University 4 3,056 32,722
CSCU - Community Colleges 12 2,061 47,909
CSCU - Charter Oak State College 1 60 1,641
Independent Colleges and Universities 21 23,013 83,292
U.S. Coast Guard Academy 1 515 1,068
*Totals as of 2018. Excludes colleges that do not participate in federal financial aid programs.
Number of Schools and Programs
Full-Time Equivalent Professional Staff
Statewide Total 2,769 52,230.3 530,612
Local Public Schools (and programs) 1,346 47,451.3 490,800
Charter Schools 23 909.4 10,433
Academies 3 350.5 3,865
State Technical and Career High Schools (and programs)
20 1,235.3 10,647
State or State-Aided Schools 35 214.6 266
Regional Educational Service Centers (schools and programs) 74 1,785.2 14,601
Nonpublic Schools (includes not-for-profit and for-profit schools) PRELIMINARY 322 11,486 54,955
(2012 Census)
Number of Farms 5,500
Land in Farms 390,000 acres
Average Size of Farm 69 acres
Market Value of Products Sold $550,620,000
     Crop Sales $389,137,000 (71 percent)
     Livestock Sales $161,482,000 (29 percent)
     Average Per Farm $91,770
Government Payments $4,841,000
     Average Per Farm Receiving Payments $9,328
Total value of agricultural products sold 550,620
     Value of crops including nursery and greenhouse 389,137
     Value of livestock, poultry, and their products 161,482
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas 15,216
Tobacco 35,722
Cotton and cottonseed
Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 36,386
Fruits, tree nuts, and berries 27,349
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod 252,923
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops 6,049
Other crops and hay 15,492
Poultry and eggs 48,859
Cattle and calves 9,751
Milk from cows 69,843
Hogs and pigs 1,259
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk 1,435
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys 8,089
Aquaculture 19,665
Other animals and other animal products 2,583
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop 69,013
Corn for silage 21,436
Vegetables harvested, all 9,293
Corn for grain 6,548
Cut Christmas trees 5,389
Layers (D)
Pullets for laying replacements (D)
Broilers and other meat type chickens 79,605
Cattle and calves 48,278
Horses and ponies 17,424
Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics
Farms by value of sales:
     Less than $1,000 1,903
     $1,000 to $2,499 749
     $2,500 to $4,999 820
     $5,000 to $9,999 709
     $10,000 to $19,999 581
     $20,000 to $24,999 162
     $25,000 to $39,999 264
     $40,000 to $49,999 88
     $50,000 to $99,999 243
     $100,000 to $249,999 194
     $250,000 to $499,999 103
     $500,000 or more 161
Total farm production expenses ($1,000) 586,466
     Average per farm ($) 98,120
Net cash from farm income of operation ($1,000) 25,568
     Average per farm ($) 4,278
Operator Characteristics
Principal operators by primary occupation:
     Farming 2,766
     Other 3,211
Principal operators by sex:
     Male 4,472
     Female 1,505
All operators by race 2:
     American Indian or Alaska Native 23
     Asian 24
Black or African American 11
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
White 9,474
More than one race 57
All Operators of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino Origin 2: 129
See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
- Represents zero.
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individuals operations.
2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
Connecticut Businesses (as of March 22, 2019) approx. 338,082
Foreign Businesses (as of March 22, 2019) approx. 32,575
Corporation Business Tax, July 1, 2017, to June 30, 2018 $899,728,100
Personal Income Tax, July 1, 2017, to June 30, 2018 $10,769,830,624
Sales and Use Tax, July 1, 2017, to June 30, 2018 $4,530,508,619
Fees received by Office of Secretary of the State from July 1, 2017, to June 30, 2018
Notaries Public
Water Companies - Investor owned 9
Water Companies - Municipal 46
Gas Companies - Investor owned 3
Gas Companies - Municipal 1
Water and Sewer Investor Companies 1
Sewer Companies 0
Electric Companies - Investor 2
Electric Companies - Municipal 6
Domestic Telephone Companies providing service in Connecticut 2
Number of Access Lines 683,928
Community Antenna Television 8
Banks and Thrifts 66
National Banks 20
State Banks and Trust Companies 7
State Savings Banks 24
Federal Savings Banks 3
State Savings and Loan Associations 0
Federal Savings and Loan Associations 1
Out of State Banks (operating branches in CT) 8
Foreign Banks (operating branches in CT) 3
State Credit Unions 30
Federal Credit Unions 65
Out of State Credit Unions (operating branches in CT) 12
Check Cashers 118
Debt Adjusters 41
Loan Processor/Underwriter 182
Money Transmitters and Issuers of Money Orders and Travelers' Checks 122
Small Loan Companies 48
Sales Finance Companies 172
Consumer Collection Agencies 855
Mortgage Companies 1,291
Mortgage Loan Originators 6,896
Mortgage Servicers 149
Student Loan Servicers 45
Securities Broker-Dealers Registered 2,061
Securities Broker-Dealer Agents Registered 166,612
Securities Broker-Dealer Branch Offices Registered 2,530
Agents of Issuer Registered 5
SEC Registered Advisors Filing Notice 2,165
Investment Advisers Registered 483
Investment Adviser Agents Registered 14,380
Exempt Reporting Advisers 138
Insurance Companies with Home Office Headquarters in Connecticut, June 30, 2017 96
All Active Motor Vehicle Registrations as of January 2019 3,252,206
Total Number of Valid Driver's Licenses as of January 2019 2,693,049
Newspapers published in State (daily, Sunday, weekly and monthly) approx. 99
Broadcasting Stations (AM) approx. 32
Broadcasting Stations (FM) approx. 40
Television Stations in State approx. 11 
Acupuncturists 404
Advanced Practice Registered Nurses 5,382
Athletic Trainers 773
Audiologists 284
Barbers 1,852
Behavioral Analyst 742
Certified Alcohol and Drug Counselors 186
Chiropractors 997
Crematory 21
Dental Anesthesia/Conscious Sedation Permittees 131
Dental Anesthesia Sedation Permittees  15
Dental Hygienists 3,761
Dentists 3,460
Dieticians/Nutritionists 1,098
Electrologists 129
Embalmers 821
Embalmer Apprentice 20
Embalmer Pre-Graduate Trainee 1
Funeral Directors 41
Funeral Home 301
Genetic Counselor 211
Genetic Counselor Temporary Permit  5
Hairdressers/Cosmeticians 23,599
Hearing Instrument Specialists 121
Hearing Instrument Specialist-Training Permit 20
Homeopathic Physicians 8
Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselors 889
Licensed Clinical Social Workers 6,903
Licensed Nurse Midwives 208
Licensed Practical Nurses 12,814
Licensed Practical Nurse-Temporary 28
Marital and Family Therapists 1,427
Massage Therapists 5,566
Master’s Level Social Work  3,014
Master’s Level Social Work-Temporary Permit  2
Medical School Faculty License   6
Naturopathic Physicians 361
Nurse Aide  38,135
Nurse Aide Training Program Voc-Tech Adult Ed  9
Nurse Aide Training Program Voc-Tech  9
Nurse Aide Training- Community Based Org  3
Nurse Aide Training Program-Community College   12
Nurse Aide Training Program-High School  20
Nurse Aide Training Program-Hospital  1
Nurse Aide Training Program-Nursing Home  11
Nurse Aide Training Program-Other  6
Nursing Home Administrators 685
Occupational Therapists 2,685
Occupational Therapist Assistants 1,067
Occupational Therapist Assistants Temp Permit 1
Occupational Therapist Temp Permit 8
Optical Selling Permit 224
Opticians 715
Opticians Apprentice 342
Optometrists 750
Perfusionists 85
Physical Therapists 5,172
Physical Therapist Assistants 986
Physicians Assistants
Physicians/Surgeons 17,840
Podiatrists 308
Professional Counselors 2,875
Provisional Faculty Dentist 37
Psychologists 2,061
PT Temporary Permit  3
PTA Temporary Permit  3
Public Fee  9
Radiographers 4,168
Registered Nurses 65,459
Registered Nurses-Temporary  1,293
Resident Dentist  148
Resident Physician  2,900
Resident Physician Assistant  10
Resident Podiatrist  26
Respiratory Care Practitioners 1,758
Speech and Language Pathologists 2,804
Speech and Language Pathologists Temporary Permit  98
Tattoo Technicians 462
Tattoo Technicians-Training Permit 114
Veterinarians 1,536
Connecticut Airport Authority-owned Airports: Bradley International Airport, Windsor Locks; Groton-New London Airport, Groton; Hartford-Brainard Airport, Hartford; Danielson Airport, Killingly; Waterbury-Oxford Airport, Oxford; Windham Airport, Windham.
Commercial Airports 22*
Commercial Heliports 8
Private Heliports 55**
Private Seaplane Bases 7
Commercial Seaplane Bases 0
Private Airports 30***
* Includes state-owned and municipally owned.
**Includes state heliport.
***Includes 2 restricted military airports.
Number of Indian Reservations in Connecticut    
Number of residents
Golden Hill Paugussett Reservation, Trumbull (1/4 acre)  6
Golden Hill Paugussett Reservation, Colchester (106 acres)  2 to 8
Paucatuck Eastern Pequot Reservation, North Stonington (225 acres) 12
Mashantucket Pequot Reservation, Ledyard (1,500 acres federal trust land) 330
Mohegan Reservation, Uncasville (240 acres) (409 acres federal trust land) 105
Schaghticoke Reservation, Kent (400 acres) 9
January 1 New Year's Day
First Monday on or after January 15 Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
February 12 Lincoln Day
Third Monday in February Washington's Birthday
Last Monday in May Memorial Day
July 4 Independence Day
First Monday in September Labor Day
Second Monday in October Columbus Day
November 11 Veterans' Day
December 25 Christmas
Whenever any of such days occurs upon a Sunday, the Monday next following such day shall be a legal holiday and whenever any of such days occurs upon a Saturday, the Friday immediately preceding such day shall be a legal holiday. (Sec. 1-4 CT. Gen. Stat.)
*The Friday before Easter Sunday Good Friday
*The Fourth Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day

*These days are designated by the Governor.